Key Facts & InformationThe 9/11 Attacks
A Day to Remember
- On Tuesday morning of September 11, 2001, at 8:45 AM, the United States suffered a terrorist attack when an American Airlines Boeing 767 filled with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center (also known as WTC) in New York City. These terrorist attacks became known as 9/11, which is how the American date of September 11 is written.
- The events of September 11th are a very sensitive subject, but very important in American history and never to be forgotten. Four commercial jets were hijacked. American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into Tower One (the north tower) of the World Trade Center at 8:50 AM. United Airlines Flight 175 then crashed into Tower Two at 9:04 AM. American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the Pentagon, and United Airlines Flight 93 crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. It is believed that the fourth jet was supposed to target the United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. Instead, the plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania as passengers on the flight fought against the hijackers to regain control of the plane. Tower Two of the World Trade Center collapsed at about 10:00 AM. At 10:30 AM, Tower One also collapsed. The attacks resulted in the deaths of 2,977 people. The victims included 246 passengers and crew on the four planes, 2,606 in New York City, both in the towers and on the ground, and 125 individuals at the Pentagon. Men, women and children from more than 90 countries died in these attacks. The 19 terrorist hijackers also died in the attacks. The hijackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations who were reportedly backed financially by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaeda network. In 2004, Osama bin Laden, the leader of al-Qaeda, claimed responsibility for the attacks. Al-Qaeda and bin Laden cited U.S. support of Israel, the presence of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq as reasons for the attacks.
A Day to Remember
- Cleanup of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002. The Pentagon was repaired within a year. Many memorials were constructed to remember 9/11. These include the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York, the Pentagon Memorial, and the Flight 93 National Memorial in Pennsylvania. Next to the National Memorial, the 1,776 feet One World Trade Center was completed in 2013. Osama bin Laden was found in 2011, nearly ten years after the 9/11 attacks. In May 2011, after years at large, Osama bin Laden was killed in Pakistan by Navy Seals from the United States.
Of the nearly 3 000 people killed, 343 were New York City firefighters and paramedics. 23 New York City police officers also died along with 37 Port Authority officers who struggled to complete a building evacuation to rescue office workers in the higher floors. Only six people who were in the World Trade Center towers when they collapsed survived. Close to 10,000 other people were also treated for injuries, many of them severe. Operation Enduring Freedom was launched less than a month after the attacks. This was an international effort led by America to remove the Taliban from power in Afghanistan, and destroy the al-Qaeda network that was based there.
- Within two months of Operation Enduring Freedom, the Taliban had been removed from operational power. Although the U.S. forces had effectively removed the Taliban, the war continued as coalition forces dealt with a Taliban insurgency campaign based out of Pakistan. Around $110 million of art was lost after the 9/11 attacks. Some of the artwork destroyed included works by Picasso and Hockney. The morning after, the New York Times was first to print the ‘9/11’ name the attacks became known as. The headline they printed was: “America’s Emergency Line: 9/11”. There were many fires ignited by 9/11. In fact, there were so many that it took New York City firefighters 100 days to put them all out. The cost to clean up the 1.8 million tons of debris after 9/11 was around $750 million.
- The site of the World Trade Center became known as “Ground Zero”.
- September 11 is now remembered as Patriot Day in the United States. This is a national day of mourning to remember the victims of the terrorist attacks.